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He also wrote some literary allegories about whose philosophical value 20th and 21st century scholarship is vehemently at odds.His influence in medieval Europe spread through the translations of his works first undertaken in Spain.As such, he may be considered to be the first major Islamic philosopher.The philosophical space that he articulates for God as the Necessary Existence lays the foundation for his theories of the soul, intellect and cosmos.After the death of the later in 1021, he once again sought a patron and became the vizier of the Kakuyid ‘Ala’ al-Dawla for whom he wrote an important Persian summa of philosophy, the .Based in Isfahan, he was widely recognized as a philosopher and physician and often accompanied his patron on campaign.Avicenna was born in around 980 in Afshana, a village near Bukhara in Transoxiana.
He then left again ‘through necessity’ in 1012 for Jurjan in Khurasan to the south in search no doubt for a patron.The other two encyclopaedias were written later for his patron the Buyid prince ‘Ala’ al-Dawla in Isfahan.The first, in Persian rather than Arabic is entitled , a work that does not present completed proofs for arguments and reflects his mature thinking on a variety of logical and metaphysical issues.In the early modern period in Iran, his metaphysical positions began to be displayed by a creative modification that they underwent due to the thinkers of the school of Isfahan, in particular Mulla Sadra (d. Sources on his life range from his autobiography, written at the behest of his disciple ‘Abd al-Wahid Juzjani, his private correspondence, including the collection of philosophical epistles exchanged with his disciples and known as .
However, much of this material ought to be carefully examined and critically evaluated.
It was during one of these to Hamadan in 1037 that he died of colic.